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    醫學英語——常用護理詞匯

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    Nursing processes 護理過程

    assessment 估計

    nursing diagnosis 護理診斷

    planning 計劃

    intervention (implementation, management) 措施(實施、管理)

    evaluation 評價Daily care of the patient 對病人的日常護理

    morning (evening) care, AM (HS) care 晨(晚)間護理

    bedmaking 整理床鋪

    oral hygiene (mouth care) 口腔衛生

    brushing the teeth 刷牙

    flossing the teeth 清牙垢

    denture care 清洗假牙

    bathing 洗澡

    cleanliness and skin care 清潔與皮膚護理

    perineal care 洗會陰

    hair 梳頭

    shaving 刮臉

    Care of nails and feet 指甲修剪和洗腳

    changing hospital gowns 更換住院服裝

    massage 按摩

    bedsore care 褥瘡護理Measurement of vital signs 測量生命體征

    taking oral (rectal, axillary) temperature

    量口腔(直腸、腋下)體溫

    taking a radial pulse 測量橈動脈脈搏

    counting respirations 計呼吸次數

    measuring (taking) blood pressure 量血壓Catheterization 導管插入術

    cardiac catheterization 心導管插入術

    laryngeal catheterization喉插管術

    retro-urethral catheterization 逆行導尿管插入術

    urethral catheterization 尿道導管插入術Clean techniques, medical asepsis 消毒滅菌

    asepsis 無菌(法)

    integral asepsis 完全無菌

    disinfection 消毒

    concomitant (concurrent) disinfection 隨時消毒,即時消毒

    steam disinfection 蒸汽消毒

    terminal disinfection 終末消毒

    disinfection by ultraviolet light 紫外線消毒

    Sterilization 滅菌,消毒

    chemical sterilization 化學滅菌法

    fractional sterilization 間歇滅菌法

    intermittent sterilization 間歇滅菌法

    mechanical sterilization 器械滅菌法Decompression 減壓(術)

    oardiac decompression 心減壓術

    cerebral decompression 腦減壓術

    orbital decompression 眼眶減壓術

    decompression of decompression 心包減壓術

    gastro-intestinal decompression 胃腸減壓術

    decompression of rectum 直腸減壓術

    decompression of spinal cord 脊髓減壓術Dialysis透析

    peritoneal dialysis腹膜透析

    hemodialysis 血液透析Drainage 引流、導液

    aspiration (suction) drainage 吸引導液(引流)

    closed drainage 關閉引流法

    negative pressure drainage 負壓吸引法

    open drainage 開放引流法

    postural drainage 體位引流法

    vaginal drainage 陰道引流法

    vesicocelomic drainage 膀胱腹腔引流Drainage 灌腸

    barium enema鋇灌腸

    blind enema肛管排氣法

    contrast enema對比灌腸

    glycerin enema甘油灌腸

    high (low) enema 高(低)位灌腸

    magnesium sulfate enema 硫酸鎂灌腸

    retention (non-retention) enema 保留(無保留)灌腸

    soapsuds enema 肥皂水灌腸

    turpentine enema 松節油灌腸Feeding 飼,喂養

    Forced (forcible) feeding 強制喂養

    intubtaion (tube) feeding 管飼法

    nasal feeding 鼻飼法

    rectal feeding 直腸營養法Heat and clod applications 冷、熱敷

    applying hot compresses 熱敷

    applying hot soaks 濕熱敷

    assisting the patient to take a sitz bath 幫病人坐浴

    applying hot water bottles 用熱水瓶

    applying an ice bag (collar0 用冰袋

    applying cold compresses 冷敷

    giving a cold (an alcohol) sponge bath 冷水(酒精)擦浴Infusion 輸入,注入

    glucose infusion 葡萄糖液輸注

    glucose-saline infusion 葡萄糖-鹽水輸注

    saline infusion 鹽水輸注

    Injection 注射

    endermic (intracutaneous) injection 皮內注射

    hypertonic saline injection 高滲鹽水注射

    hypodermic injection 皮下注射

    intramuscular injection 肌內注射

    intraocular injection 眼球注射

    intrapleural injection 胸膜腔注射

    intrauterine injection 子宮內注射

    nasal injection 鼻內注射

    peritoneal injection 腹膜腔注射

    rectal injection 直腸注射

    subconjunctival injection 結膜下注射

    urethral injection 尿道注射

    vaginal injection 陰道注射Irrigation 沖洗

    vaginal irrigation 陰道沖洗

    bladder irrigation 膀胱沖洗

    continuous irrigation 連續沖洗法

    mediate irrigation 間接沖洗法Isolation 隔離、分離

    strict isolation 嚴密隔離

    contact isolation 接觸隔離

    respiratory isolation 呼吸隔離

    drainage (secretion) precautions 引流預防措施

    enteric precautions 腸道預防措施

    blood (body fluid) precautions 血液(體液)預防措施

    protective isolation 保護性隔離Lavage 灌洗

    blood (systemic) lavage 血液毒素清洗法

    ether lavage (腹腔內)乙醚洗法

    gastric lavage 洗胃

    intestinal lavage 洗腸

    peritoneal lavage 腹膜腔灌洗

    pleural lavage 胸膜腔灌洗Medication 藥療,投藥,給藥

    endermic medication 皮內透藥法

    hypodermatic medication 皮下投藥法

    intramuscular medication 肌肉投藥法

    ionic medication 離子透藥療法

    nasal medication 鼻內投藥法

    oral medication 口服法

    rectal medication 直腸投藥法

    sublingual medication 舌下投藥法

    transduodenal medication 十二指腸內投藥法

    vaginal medication 陰道投藥法

    Suctioning 吸氣引液

    upper airway suctioning 上呼吸道抽吸法

    nasogastric suctioning 鼻胃抽吸

    wound suctioning 傷口吸引Transfusion 輸血

    arterial transfusion 動脈輸血

    blood transfusion 輸血

    direct (immediate ) transfusion 直接輸血

    drip transfusion 滴注輸(血)液

    indirect transfusion 間接輸血

    plasma transfusion 輸血漿

    serum transfusion 輸血清

    venous transfusion 靜脈輸血,靜脈輸液Diet nursing 伙食護理

    absolute diet (fasting) 禁食

    balanced diet 均衡伙食

    convalescent diet 恢復期飲食

    diabetic diet 糖尿病飲食

    eucaloric diet 適當熱量飲食

    fat-free diet 無脂飲食

    salt-free diet 無鹽飲食

    fever diet 熱病飲食

    full diet 全食,普通飲食

    half diet 半食

    high caloric diet 高熱量飲食

    high-carbohydrate diet 高糖類飲食

    high-protein (protein rich) diet 高蛋白飲食

    invalid diet 病弱者飲食

    light diet 易消化飲食

    liquid diet 流質飲食

    high fat diet 高脂飲食

    low fat diet 低脂飲食

    low caloric diet 低熱量飲食

    low-protein diet 低蛋白飲食

    low-residue diet 低渣飲食

    nourishing diet 滋補飲食

    obesity diet 肥胖病飲食

    prenatal diet 孕期飲食

    regimen diet 規定食譜

    smooth (soft) diet 細軟飲食Preparing the patient for the surgery 為病人手術前做準備

    shaving the patient‘s skin (skin prep) 備皮 醫.學教.育網搜.集整理

    anesthesia 麻醉Postoperative care 手術后護理

    coughing and deep-breathing exercises 咳嗽呼吸練習

    applying elastic stockings 穿彈性襪

    applying elastic bandages 用彈性繃帶Emergency care (first aid) 急救護理

    cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺循環復蘇術

    mouth-to-mouth(mouth-to-nose,mouth-to-stoma) resuscitation

    口對口(口對鼻,口對頸部小口)循環復蘇術

    emergency care for fainting (shock, stroke) victims

    昏厥(休克、中風)患者急救

    emergency care used to control hemorrhage 止血急救

    emergency care given to help a patient who is vomiting

    嘔吐患者急救

    emergency care for a patient during a seizure 癲癇發作急救

    hospice care 臨終護理

    postmortem care 死后護理
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